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Na rubu Znanosti — Alex Podolinsky. Na Rubu Znanosti — Zvjezdani vrtovi The tension in the debate aroused by homeopathy is stretched between two relatively static poles.
The other is home to those who have not had any such experiences and are thereby kalenear in their conviction that there was no possible way that homeopathy could work.
I had had a few positive results after using homeopathic remedies on myself and others, but Kalebdar could not swear for sure that these would not have occurred anyway or that the placebo effect was not in some way responsible for any objective improvement. My clear-thinking teachers guided me into and through disciplines which confirmed that homeopathy could not be effective simply because of how the remedies are made.
One need not try such things in the same way that one need not head-butt a charging bull to know the general outcome. Was I going to abandon clear and rational thinking and go over to those who were surely acting on faith alone — and misplaced faith at that? Had I not heard of the enlightenment? Faith brought inherently unresolvable conflict and slovenly thinking.
Science brought clarity both in its method and conceptual tools enabling one to overcome differences with ones peers in a respectful and peaceful way.
What are you going to chose in this light? OK, just look at the clinical trials, I was told.
Whilst tempted to move that way, making me look over my shoulder and drag my heels was the sight of all the good people in the other direction. Also making me procrastinate over what seemed a simple decision was the year history of relatively good results and harmlessness: Then there were my own experiences with homeopathy: But if I asked the convinced how homeopathy could possibly be effective the answers were not up to scratch. But if this was supposed to hold good towards and over the Avogadro threshold I was very sceptical.
OK, just look at the clinical results they too urged me. The German physician, Samuel Hahnemannwas not convinced that what he was trained to do was helping anybody. He was so disillusioned that he stepped back from practice and turned his talents to translating medical texts. The Peruvian Bark or Chinchona tree might help malaria sufferers but it was also clear that when the unafflicted took it they developed symptoms very like malaria anyway: The symptoms induced in the healthy were similar to those that were cured in the sick.
Was that a coincidence or was this a klendar instance of a general principle? His second and more relevant discovery does not have an obvious precedent but he was lead towards it as a corollary of the first. Logically one would want to populate a homeopathic materia medica with substances that caused symptoms but these already have a very serviceable name: Indeed Hahnemann got a lot of his early information from descriptions of poisonings.
This dilution and shaking can be repeated, in theory at least, ad infinitum and in practice people seem to have given it a pretty kaoendar try. The series of dilutions is regularly hundreds of bottles long, and kalsndar substances have been taken to the millionth potency — a lot of glassware! These incredibly diluted remedies are still given to patients and are said to be effective.
Whilst overdosing is certainly addressed, a whole lunafni problem arises. Democritus was of the opinion that these fundamental particles or atoms — named after the Greek for not cuttable — do exist, and that their varying geometrical properties result in the different substances.
If one has a molar concentration of a substance, say Hahnemann often diluted his mother potencies a hundredfold to make the daughter potency so although his first bottle of mother tincture would have around 6 x salt molecules in it, the second would have only about 6 x salt molecules, kalfndar third bottle 6 x and so forth.
At the 12th bottle, assuming scrupulous pharmacy protocols, there ought to be just a handful of salt molecules left. The 13th will probably not have any of that salt at all, and the 14th would have only about a 1: This twelfth centesimal potency 12C marks the stage at which the Hahnemannian process of potentisation becomes fundamentally incompatible with the orthodox understanding. At the higher concentrations, from the first bottle or mother tincture to the 12C, the debate is dominated by the evaluation of lunarin results.
Beyond this 12C potency the tussle is re-invigorated. Even the homeopaths agree that there will be none of the original matter left in the remedy given to the patient. Kaldndar recent vocal anti-homeopathy group calls itself to emphasise how stupid homeopaths must be not to understand the implications. Although I have only focussed properly on this aspect of the debate over the lunagni decade, my adult life has not strayed too far from it.
Oalendar trained as a homeopath after dropping out of medical school but by the time I finished my training I was designing and making ecological water treatment systems. However, in the same period around 25 years ago, my interest in water brought me to Flowforms2 and then to biodynamic agriculture as part of an active search for ecological sanity within our destructive culture.
Like homeopathy, biodynamic agriculture BD uses substances in infinitesimal quantities, but these are sprayed on soil and kakendar or put in compost heaps, and not administered to people or animals. There are many aspects of BD that are troublesome to the modern scientific mind.
Indeed much of the practices appear so weird that many people do not get beyond the first shock. Two of these biodynamic preparations are sprayed over crops after being stirred in alternating directions for an hour in plenty of water.
My early exposure to BD was influenced by loving kalendra food and the care brought to the garden, and by the community that had grown and grown up around the farm and garden where I first met BD. I know such things are not pertinent to a scientific evaluation of a technique but I tell kalenear this because they are some of the biographical reasons that carried me over the shock to become involved in BD. Added to these social lures was a hope that if I read and understood these lectures and hung around long enough, I might find some answers to the enigmas of homeopathy from what I sensed was an agricultural cousin focused on the health of the natural world.
I hoped that these two eccentric traditions would illuminate each other. Whilst my head was initially nonplussed, my heart was quickly and increasingly attracted to find out what on lunani was going on. I was also interested to see that Steiner had given other lectures after being invited by doctors and medical students to address them about the implications of his general approach within the healing arts.
When BD growers stir their field sprays this is called dynamization. This could also be used as a term for kwlendar shaking in the making of homeopathic remedies but this is widely called succussion so we will stick kalsndar that. Potentisation takes a substance up a scale of potencies as kalenrar described. In these lectures he discussed various homeopathic remedies within a systematized framework.
Furthermore, Steiner had guided some of his contemporaries to potentise various substances in a Hahnemannian way and apply these to plants. Together, these struck me as being potentially fruitful for addressing my fundamental questions.
Firstly, working with plants would remove the uncertainty of subjective results such as are thrown up by the placebo effect. Second, it gave the possibility of multiple replications enabling statistical analysis, free of the procedural and ethical issues that go along with human and animal testing. Homeopathy has its similia principle but a new substance needs a proving to reveal its uses. To the chagrin of the modern objectors it has to be admitted that homoeopathy is, if nothing else, evidence based!
Just below the surface of biodynamics is the hint that one could observe the form of, say, a plant and by understanding the metamorphosis4 of its developing form one could, in theory, have a pretty good idea of its medicinal properties.
Genadij Petrovič Malahov (Author of Gladovanje)
It would be a critical as opposed to a dogmatic discipline, leaving the practitioners free and creative to address our urgent ecological issues with non-polluting tools.
Here was someone who had developed tests that revealed how potentised preparations affect germinating plants and seedlings. This enabled relatively quick feedback — in weeks rather than months.
The results were shown in graphs of plant measurements plotted against potencies on either side of lunarnii Avogadro threshold. Thousands upon thousands of experiments with replications and controls were the kalenda of her sustained and focussed activity over 20 years. Just as WWII was unleashed between her adopted and native countries and as her husband died young, Lily wrote her book across the River Severn from where I am sitting now. She continued her labours there until her death in Also see later in this paper.
This kalndar is now out of print and second hand copies are rare and expensive. However, it can be accessed via the Holistic Agriculture Library.
It seems petty to find fault but the issue relevant to the current subject is that although the graphs remain, the data from which these graphs were plotted do not. This means that no one can check whether the results are statistically significant. As far as resolving the debate between the homeopaths and theoretical scientists her work is holed beneath the water line.
So I started to do some of my own experiments. It is not easy to do even one test thoroughly and convincingly whilst bringing up a family and doing ones day job. That Lily did this … wow!
I quickly came to the conclusion that I was not going to be able to nail this issue alone and lapsed, temporarily, into impotent inactivity. As I was digesting the pre-war work the internet began to stumble from geeky academic beginnings to popular and simple access. An English-speaking discussion group formed concerning itself with biodynamics6 and a few things dawned on me. The klaendar is probably not unique to BD but is characteristic of communication between farmers and gardeners in general.
The stereotype of the heavy-booted taciturn farmer trudging contemplatively after the cows is not without foundation in my experience. But get a few of them together at the market and a strange rumbling noise will rise from beneath the hats into which everyone is listening with great focus. Did you try that thing you tried last year again? What happened this time?
You can just listen, or occasionally drop lynarni a timid word. You can put forward an outrageous and essentially anonymous hypothesis with a confidence you do not really possess in order to try and flush out some thoughts about what is really bothering you — all in your jimjams once the chores are done kalendae the day.
No one need know if you are stunning or hideous, male or female, smell of fresh hay or old bedding. In some ways, for many growers, the net is an improved version of leaning on the edge of a pen at the market and wondering how to admit you are stumped by the many draining demands of agriculture, all without losing face with your neighbours.
So I had found a garrulous community of BD practitioners who shared stories of their successes and failures. Here was an informal and international nucleus of BD growers who might conceivably pool energies and amass evidence in relation to the questions that troubled me.
Simultaneously it would be possible to see which of these stories of success might be useful to anyone else. So I took a gamble and kaelndar family and business partner supported me in reducing my other work to concentrate on the questions that homeopathy and biodynamics stimulate. The fates have been good to us and the money is only just running out now, almost a decade after making this the primary focus of my working time.
What llunarni emerged from this period are several pertinent publications7 mainly translated rather than my own and a website based around 3 databases8 which can be found at www.