The purpose of this paper is to analyze a particular piece of music, “ Chromatische Phantasie” by György Ligeti, using an eclectic analysis technique which. György Ligeti. Chromatische Phantasie, for piano (suppressed by composer as juvenalia). Composition Information ↓; Appears On ↓. Share on. facebook. Chromatische Phantasie. By György Ligeti, Fredrik György Ligeti: Chorwek (Arr . for Guitar) · Ligeti: Cello Concerto, Mysteries of the Macabre & Piano Concerto.
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It is one of Ligeti’s juvenile compositions withdrawn by the composer. Joseph Stalin ‘s death in and further conflicts among Hungarian and Russian people led to Russia installing Imre Nagywhose leadership led to a debilitating economy and government instability. Even though he started other projects, such as his Chromatische Variationen, Requiem not the one completed in and many other unfinished works, this was one of the last works he composed in Hungarian soil.
Since then, many other pianists have played it both in public performances and on the radio, but it is still one of Ligeti’s least-known works. The original manuscript is now located in Baselas part of the Sacher Shiftung.
The composition is scored for liget solo piano and takes approximately 6 minutes to perform. It is based on the dodecaphonic compositional technique.
This is Ligeti’s only finished piece in his chromatisceh catalogue in which he uses such system.
Ligeti: Chromatische Phantasie (page 1 of 1) | Presto Classical
The row is put in retrograde, inversion and retrograde inversion version throughout the whole piece. Ligeti combines this twelve-tone technique with tone clusterswhich he further developed in his following compositions. Scholar Elliot Sneider, who also transcribed the piece, has analysed this composition and has divided it into five contrasting sections. Section A consists exclusively of tone clusters, with sparse notes followed by rapid arpeggios, which climax in an fff forte fortissimo A0which is the lowest possible note of the piano.
György Ligeti – Chromatische Phantasie (suppressed by composer as juvenalia) – Classical Archives
This starts section B, which consists mainly of pulsating low notes with slow sixteenth notes with the right hand. A0 is played seven times. Section C starts with the left hand playing short pulsating staccato B1-C2 tone clusters.
The right hand combines both sixteenth-note arpeggios and tone clusters. A triplet from the right hand leads to a cluster chaos, repeating notes loudly. A seven-second pause leads to section D, which sings a chromatic melodic voice with the right hand, which is interrupted by sparse left-hand patterns from the previous section. Section E ends the pieces with long cluster tones as in section A. Ligeti was a fervent critic of his own work. Composition and context Joseph Stalin’s death in and further conflicts among Hungarian and Russian people led to Russia installing Imre Nagy, whose leadership led to a debilitating economy and government instability.
He has been described as “one of the most important avant-garde composers in the latter half of the twentieth century” and “one of the most innovative and influential among progressive figures of his time”. He became an Austrian citizen in He died in Vienna in Restricted in his musical style by the authorities of Communist Hungary, only when he reached the west in could Ligeti fully realise his passion for avant-garde music and develop new compositional techniques.
It is noted for eschewing conventional melody and metre in favor of dense sound textures.
After Apparitions, it was the second piece Ligeti wrote to exploit what he called a “micropolyphonic” texture. It gained further exposure after being used in Stanley Kubrick’s film The SWF recorded this performance for broadcast, and this recording has been released commercially on CD several times. Paul Griffiths writes that this performance made Ligeti a “talking point”.
Pieces Four Early Piano Pieces: L’escalier du diable No. White on White No. According to David Cope, “micropolyphony resembles cluster chords, but differs in its use of moving rather than static lines”; it is “a simultaneity of different lines, rhythms, and timbres” Cope Technically speaking I have always approached musical texture through part-writing.
But you cannot actually hear the polyphony, the canon. You hear a kind of impenetrable texture, something like a very densely woven cobweb.
I have retained melodic lines in the process of composition, they are governed by rules as strict as Ligeto or those of the Flemish school, but the rules chromatiscche this polyphony are worked ou It is dedicated to cellist Siegfried Palm, who gave the concerto its premiere performance.
History Originally, Ligeti had planned to compose a single movement work. As progress on composition developed he decided to expand the initial material of the concerto into a movement in its own right and placed the remainder of the material into a second movement. The movements are as follows: It was written during his brief acquaintance with the Fluxus movement.
The piece requires ten “performers”, each one responsible for ten of the hundred metronomes. The metronomes are set up on the performance platform, and they are then all wound to their maximum extent and set to different speeds. Once they are all fully wound, there is a silence of two to six minutes, at the discretion of the conductor; then, at the conductor’s signal, all of the metronomes are started as simultaneously as possible.
The performers then leave the stage. As the metronomes wind down one after another and stop, periodicity becomes noticeable in the sound, and individual metronomes can be more clearly distinguished. The piece typically ends with just one metronome ticking alone for a few beats, followed by silence, and then the performers return to the stage Ligeti The controversy over the first performance was sufficient to Andante and Allegretto These two movements were written for phantsaie graduation exam at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music in Budapest, with a stylistic uncertainty.
Andante cantabile Allegretto poco capriccioso String Quartet No. The piece is called ‘Artikulation’ because in this sense an artificial language is articulated: Pianist Jeremy Denk wrote that they “are a crowning achievement of his career and of the piano literature; though still new, they are already classics. I present my artistic credo in the Piano Concerto: I demonstrate my independence from criteria of the traditional avantgarde, as well as the fashionable postmodernism.
Musical illusions which I consider to be also so important are not a goal in itself for me, but a foundation for my aesthetical attitude. I prefer musical forms which have a chromaitsche object-like than processual character.
Music as “frozen” time, as chromarische object in imaginary space evoked by music in our imagination, as a creation which really develops in time, but in imagination it exists simultaneously in all its moments. The spell of time, the enduring its passing by, closing it in a moment of the present is my main intention as a composer. History Initial sketches of the Concerto began inphantasje it was not until that he found a way forward and the Ligeti had composed little since he completed his opera, Le Grand Macabre, inhaving only finished a few smaller pieces, like Hungarian Rock chaconne and Passacaglia ungherese for harpsichord.
Ligeti recalled his reaction to the suggestion: The piece was initially received poorly by the Soviet-run Composer’s Union and was not allowed to be published or performed.
However, in the s and 90s, after over a quarter century in repose, the piece reemerged and has since liget a well-known part of the standard cello repertoire. The Sonata comprises two disjunct movements: Dialogo — Adagio, rubato, cantabile Capriccio — Presto con slancio History Ligeti was nearing the end of his schooling in and had already established himself as a highly gifted student.
It is most famous chromatiache its use in Stanley Kubrick’s film Lux aeterna luceat eis, Domine, cum sanctis tuis in aeternum, quia pius es. Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine; et lux perpetua luceat eis, which means “May everlasting light shine upon them, O Lord, with thy saints in eternity, for thou art merciful. Grant them eternal rest, O Lord, and may everlasting light shine upon them. Micropolyphony, which Ligeti describes as “The complex polyphony of the individual parts[,] embodied in a harmonic-musical flow in which the harmonies do not change suddenly, but merge into one another; one clearly discernible interval combination is gradually blurred, and from this cloudiness it is possible to discern a new interval combination taking shape.
It is scored for solo piano and was composed in Composition At the time of the composition, Hungary had gone through World War II and was about to enter a Stalinist era, which would last seven years. When asked to write a Bach-like invention, Ligeti wrote it with his own harmonic style. Composition This composition was written in As most of Ligeti’s juvenilia, this piece never received a formal premiere, but it has been recorded together with other ligeit vocal compositions.
It was later published by Schott Music in It is scored for a mixed choir which should consist of sopranos, altos, and baritones.
Chromatische Phantasie (suppressed by composer as juvenalia)
The text is extracted from a Hungarian traditional poem, which is as follows: The work was composed from to , shortly after the composer began lecturing at the Budapest Academy of Music. Although the ricercata or ricercar is an established contrapuntal style and the final movement of the work is in that formLigeti’s title should probably be interpreted literally as “researched music” or “sought music”.
This work captures the essence of Ligeti’s search to construct his own compositional style ex nihilo, and as such presages many of the more radical directions Ligeti would take in the future.
In response to a request by the Jeney Quintet, six of the movements were arranged for wind quintet as Six Bagatelles for Wind Quintet Pitch structure An important global st Both of the capricci were finished in Composition The two pieces were composed when Ligeti was still studying in Sandor Veress’s class at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music, this is, as a part of his academic exercises.
The set has been published by Schott Music together with Ligeti’s Invention for piano, which is crhomatische in the middle and which ljgeti set is strongly associated with.
Allegretto capriccioso Capriccio No. Allegro robusto The first capriccio is in a form of a sonatina A performance of the work lasts about 28 minutes. History The first version of the concerto consisted of three movements. This version was performed on 3 November in Cologne. InLigeti revised the score by replacing the first movement and adding two new movements. Vivacissimo luminoso — attacca: Andante con moto — attacca Intermezzo: Night and Reggel Hungarian: They were published as a chrommatische and are usually performed and recorded together.
It chrkmatische composed in in Budapest, but was first performed thirteen years later, on March 16,in Stockholm, with the Swedish Radio Choir under the baton of Eric Ericson. Analysis The composition takes approximately