La personalidad autoritaria. Front Cover. Theodor W. Adorno. Proyección., Bibliographic information. QR code for La personalidad autoritaria. La Personalidad Autoritaria / T. W. Adorno; et al. ; tr. por Dora y Aida Cymbler. Article with 24 Reads. Cite this publication. Theodor W. Adorno. Abstract. La Personalidad Autoritaria Theodor W. Adorno Investigaciones póstumas – Nació el 11 de septiembre de en Frankfurt, Alemania.
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The Authoritarian Personality is a sociology book by Theodor W. The Authoritarian Personality “invented a set of criteria by which to define personality traits, ranked these traits and their intensity in any given person on what it called the ‘ F scale ‘ F for fascist.
These traits include conventionalism, authoritarian submission, authoritarian aggression, anti-intellectualismanti- intraceptionsuperstition and stereotypypower and “toughness”, destructiveness and cynicism, projectivity, and exaggerated concerns over sex.
Though strongly criticized for bias and methodology,   the book was highly influential in American social sciences, particularly in the first decade after its publication: Adorno had been persoanlidad member of the ” Frankfurt School “, a group of philosophers and Marxist theorists who fled Germany when Hitler shut down their Institute for Social Research.
The Authoritarian Personality was based in part on earlier Frankfurt School analyses undertaken in Germany, but with a few key changes. First, their Marxist and radical roots were downplayed. Personalicad, values and behaviors earlier associated with revolutionary Marxism were now associated with support for democracy. Generally, Adorno et al. Instead, it recognizes that social science research is inevitably value-laden, which calls for a model of scientist who is a self-reflective interpreter, rather than a technical problem-solver.
Furthermore, it assigns a practical purpose in social science. Following a marxist tradition, it requires that theories in social science should not only describe and explain the social world, but also should serve a human emancipation agenda in all circumstances of oppression and dominance. This is a different approach in philosophy of science than falsificationmore popular in the natural sciences.
A central idea of The Authoritarian Personality is that authoritarianism is the result of a Freudian developmental model. Excessively harsh and punitive parenting was posited to cause children to feel immense anger towards their parents; yet fear of parental disapproval or punishment caused people to personapidad directly confront their parents, but rather to identify with and idolize authority figures.
The “F” was short for “pre-fascist personality. The study employs both quantitative and qualitative components. The first part of the research resembles a survey type of research with structured questionnaires. Based on the scores on the questionnaires, a smaller number of participants was elected for clinical interviews and administration of the Thematic Apperception Test.
Interviews were coded with the techniques of content analysis. The individuals were sampled from persinalidad organizations. There are reasons to believe that there are systematic difference between such a sample and the aforementioned population see section Overall Criticism.
This is a listing of the content categories featured in the items. These traits are attributed to Jewish people.
All items were phrased in affirmation of the Anti-Semitic sentiment. The items were phrased in a superficially moderate language, which nonetheless conveyed the saliency of Jews to the respondent and a negative sentiment towards them : Split-half reliability for the scale was. The correlation between Ethnocentrism and Anti-Semitism scales was.
This result is “evidence that antagonism to the culturally unlike is a generalized sentiment” : Split-half reliability for PEC scale was. The scale’s correlation with A-S and E was not strong, but in none of the groups was it negative. The F scale targets an authoritarian, anti-democratic personality profile that makes a person susceptible to Fascist propaganda.
The items were written in accordance to fascist propaganda materials as well as priory held TAT protocol data and interviews with ethnocentric atoritaria.
Across various participant groups, the average item-total correlation was 0. Subsequent theodro analysis confirmed a one-dimensional structure of these content subsets of items Eysenckpref by Brown, p. The first form of the F-Scale correlated 0. The revised form correlated by 0. Ethnocentrism, anti-Semitism and potentiality for fascism were inter-related to each other, as well as to conservatism, although not as prominently. Ethnocentrism is negatively correlated with both IQ and years of education.
Subsequent analyses by Christie showed that education is the mediating factor in this set of relationships. Intelligence is not as strongly correlated to E per se if years of education are partialed out, the partial correlation being as small as.
Christie also estimated the expected correlation between “either IQ and F scores or years of education and F scores for a representative cross-sectional sample, range between. The autoritzria were instructed to obtain information of the following areas. There were more specific instructions and points of emphasis within each of these areas. This choice was also “severely criticized” : Coping with Ambivalence about Self and Others, Lack of acceptance of aggressive feelings towards the parents, Projection of sexual and aggressive impulses to minorities, and its psychological function.
Participants were recruited through formal organizations. Christie reports though that people belonging to at least one organization differ significantly from people that do not belong to organizations at axorno.
Thus the sample taken was not representative of autoritaris, non-Jewish, middle-class, Americans. The correlations between A-S, E and F vary in different samples, subsequent persnoalidad showed.
However, a negative correlation was never found between those scales. Couch and Keniston addressed the problem of the items being all phrased in personaalidad affirmative direction persinalidad anti-Semitism. It is now accepted that a greater proportion of variance can be attributed to individual response patterns rather than the targeted Anti-Semitic attitude.
This poses a validity problem: The scale may not accurately record the variable it is intended to measure. When they stabilize into a particular combination aitoritaria must be because that is a combination that works for human personalities” Brown, p.
A number of studies have examined the external criterion validity of F scale, with various demographic and political groups. German cosmetic factory workers Cohn and Carsch, ; English fascists and communists, compared to ‘politically neutral’ soldiers Coulter, However, the Coulter study also found the Communists scored higher in F-Scale than the politically neutral group.
Christie attributed Coulter’s findings to sampling fluctuation, pointing out the politically neutral group was unusually low in F-Scale, compared to 50 known group means at the time.
Rokeach obtained F-Scale scores from 13 Communist college students in England. Their mean was the lowest of all known groups.
Sanford and Levinson were both psychology professors at Berkeley.
They did much of the preliminary work on ethnocentrism and statistical measurement. Frenkel-Brunswik examined personality variables and family background with a series of interview studies. Adorno provided a political and sociological perspective to the book. Although Adorno’s name heads the alphabetical list of authors, he arrived late to the project and made a relatively small contribution.
The initially autorktaria title for the book was The Fascist Character and the Measurement of Fascist Trendsbut as early as Adorno feared that the assistants at Berkeley would try to sanitize it to a more innocuous title like Character and Prejudice.
The final autoritsria was the result of a compromise. The Authoritarian Personality inspired extensive research in psychologysociologyand political science during the s and early s on the relation between personality traits, aorno, and political beliefs. The Authoritarian Personality has often provoked polarized responses: The study “has been subjected to considerable criticism”  since the s, particularly for various methodological flaws, including sample bias and poor psychometric techniques.
InGaensslen et al. Insociologist J. Ray  argued that the project of The Authoritarian Personality was seriously flawed [ need quotation to verify ] on several points: Inover a decade later, the latter point was also criticized by Billings, et al.
The book concludes that right-wing, authoritarian governments produce hostility towards racial, religious or ethnic minorities. However, it cannot be said that there is no relationship between traits theofor Right-Wing Authoritarians and antisemitism.
Authoritarian personality – Wikipedia
In fact, Adorno’s nine traits of the “F scale” are rather general and have been thought to identify fascist as well as anti-Semitic individual attributes. The fact that Rubenstein himself affirms that “the results confirm the validity of the RWA” represents a particularly interesting outcome: Orthodox and Reform Jews in Israel are classified closer to the fascist and anti-Semitic traits, as thought in by Adorno et al.
Some observers have criticized what they saw as a strongly politicized agenda to The Authoritarian Personality. She reports confirmation of most of the original findings. Christie and Cook  cite titles relating to The Authoritarian Personality and they conclude that:. The E and F scales are found to be significantly correlated in a wide array of samples and predictions of relationships with attitudinal measures are almost invariably confirmed” : From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the book. For the form of government that bears the same name, see Authoritarianism. Harper and Row pp. Chronicle of Higher Education. A survey of recent research and criticism. Europe and America, —eds. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Fall ed.
Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. Through fear of castration, obedience to the father is taken to the extreme of an anticipation of castration in conscious emotional approximation to the nature of a small girl, and actual hatred to the father is suppressed” Adorno, T. Jost, Jim Sidanius eds. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. The authoritarian personality today. Its History, Theories, and Political Significancep.