ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Erythrina velutina is traditionally used for sleepiness, convulsions and nervous system excitation. Braz J Med Biol Res. Feb;39(2) Epub Feb 2. Effect of Erythrina velutina and Erythrina mulungu in rats submitted to animal models of anxiety. PDF | Four new Erythrinan alkaloids () were isolated from the seeds of Erythrina velutina. The structures of these new compounds were.

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It can be found in a variety of biomes in the national territory. Popular medicine indicates the use of several Erythrina genus species as a tranquilizer, sedative, veltuina control and aid in the treatment of inflammatory processes.

Claviform glandular trichomes Figure 2c and branched tector trichome. Homohesperetin and phaseollidin from Erythrina velutina. The Erythrina genus comprises about tropical species in warm-temperate regions and is divided into five subgenres and 26 sections. According to Joly is one of families with the greatest representative numbers in the dicotyledons.

A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best. The inflorescence is fascicle type, presenting orangish flowers. All native land vertebrates of the island, including the Noronha dove Zenaida auriculata noronhavireo Vireo gracilirostriselaenia Elaenia erythronaand skink Trachylepis atlanticapollinate the species on Fernando de Noronha.

Erythrina velutina; Fabaceae; morphoanatomy; mulungu.

The samples were fixed in FAA 50, and subsequently semipermanent histological slides were prepared, containing crosssections and paradermal sections of the material previously prepared, following normal plant anatomy procedures Sass, ; Johansen, Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.

The presence of secretory cavities in the stem and leaf, types of trichomes and stomata, its location and distribution in the leaf epidermis constitute diagnostic-characters that are important for an accurate and safe identification for E.


Erythrina velutina – Wikipedia

The leaf-blade, in front view, epidermis with predominance of branched and glandular trichomes and paracytic and anisocytic stomata on both surfaces Figure 5a-d.

Publisher Tropical Development and Crop Research: In the region of the phloem, the secretory structures have various sizes Figure 3d. The leaf is ternate with an obtuse apex and symmetrical base. The seeds are reniform, presenting a dark-red to orange-red color Figure 1. J Arnold Arboretum Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed.

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Morpho-anatomical study of the leaf and stem of pau-alecrim: You may do so in eryghrina reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses erythrinx or your use.

The species was first described in by Carl Ludwig Willdenow. Phellogen formation does not continuously occurs, and can be found in some areas, just under the epidermis Figure 3a. The Sudam reaction detected total lipids in cuticle and branched trichomes The presence of alkaloids in parenchyma cells and secretory cavities in the stem, in glandular, tector and capitate glandular trichomes in the leaf are according to the literature findings to the genus Erythrina Virtuoso, Metcalfe CR, Chalk L Greater stomatal density on the abaxial surface is common in species that occur in xeromorphic environments, a fact explained as a feature that minimizes water loss by ostiolar evapotranspiration Esau, ; Cutter, Correspondence Luiz Alberto L.

Lothario Meissner, – Jd. Eryvellutinone, anisoflavanone from the stem bark of Erythrina velutina. Henry Nicholas Ridley described Erythrina aurantiaca as a species from Fernando de Noronha off the northeastern coast of Brazil, but this tree is now seen as only a form of E.


Discussion Erytjrina representatives of the genus Erythrina show pharmaceutical importance, erythriina as E. Flowering tree at Milagres, Bahia, Brazil. On Fernando de Noronha, it flowers in the dry season.

Histochemical tests indicated the presence of phytoconstituents of lipid droplets, alkaloids and phenolic substances in stem and in leaf of E. Anatomy of leaf and stem of Erythrina velutina. Authors contributions MMBS MSc student and ASCOS undergraduate student contributed in plant sample identification, confection of herbarium, running the laboratory work, analysis of the data and drafted the paper. Results Macroscopic features Erythrina velutina Willd. In the adaxial surface, epidermal cells on the veins have prismatic crystals on their interior.

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The same was true to indolic alkaloids, mainly the erythrinic type Almeida, All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. The epidermis surface, on the abaxial surface, presents large furrows in the leaf vein region Figure 6c. Flowers open early in the morning, between 6 and 6: Secretory structures in Fabaceae are mainly related with fruits Paiva et al.

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