Casuarina junghuhniana. Family Name: Casuarinaceae. Common Names: Mountain Ru, Red-tipped Ru, Horsetail Tree, Ru Ronan. Mountain Ru,Red- tipped. Casuarina junghuhniana. Casuarinaceae. Miq. LOCAL NAMES. Chinese (shan di mu ma huang); English (she oak,red-tipped ru,mountain ru,forest oak);. Casuarina junghuhniana. Authority, Miq. Family, Magnoliopsida:Hamamelidae: Casuarinales:Casuarinaceae. Synonyms. Common names. Editor. Ecocrop code .
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Casuarina junghuhniana has become a preferred crop of farmers in South India because of its following characters: Nitrogen fixing capacity, shorter gestation period of only 4 years, good fuel wood, good value when harvested for poles, preferred in construction industry for scaffolding and for supporting Banana plants because of its inherent character of giving straight polls, drought tolerance capacity, high calorific value of wood preferred crop for Biomass power plantsand good pulping traits for manufacture of paper.
Before further reading, readers are requested to go through my previous posts on this subject in this link. Branching dimorphic with normal woody branches and determinate,deciduous branchlets. Leaves reduced to scales, in whorls of max. Male inflorescence a cylindrical or slightly clavate spike, cm long, borne on the apex of a deciduous branchlet; sheathing bracts hairy outside.
Female casurina in the axil of scale leaves on permanent shoots, cone-shaped, ellipsoid, truncate, cm long, reddish; bracts seriate, broadly obtriangular; junghuhnoana oblong-obovate, rounded or very obtuse, thick, x 2.
Infructescence a woody conelike structure. Fruit a grey or yellow-brown winged nut samarasmall, mm wide and mm long including wing.
It prefers sandy soil with high water table during the summer. This may be because of the reason that the activity of nitrogen fixing bacteria in the root nodules is inhibited in such soils.
Casuarina junghuhniana (PROSEA) – PlantUse English
Good plantations can be seen on laterite soils and well drained sandy loams. The tree is able to survive on poor soils because of its capability to trap atmospheric Nitrogen. The soil includes coastal sand, shifting sterile sand, river alluvium, sandy loam with high water table, red loam, red gravelly loam and hard laterite etc. Topography ranges from coastal flats, to very gently undulating terrain. It has been planted successfully in areas with annual rainfall as little as mm or as much as 5, mm.
This is a low land tree that can be planted from sea level upto 1, m. It is light demander requiring bright sunshine for best growth and development. The monthly mean maximum temperature in its native area is 15 C – 33 C, but it is adapted to a wide range of temperatures.
On the coasts of the Indian Peninsula, where it thrives well, the absolute maximum shade temperature varies from The fertilizer applications must be continued till the third year of planting. Casuarina have root nodules containing nitrogen-fixing actinomycetes micro-oganism called Frankia.
File:Cemara Angin (Casuarina Junghuhniana) in Samosir Island.JPG
They are, therefore, not dependent on soil nitrogen for good growth. The species is moderately tolerant to calcareous and slightly saline soils and is a very poor performer on heavy soils such as clays. It can withstand partial water logging for a very short period. Want to tell us your experience with this product? Just login and add cqsuarina comments.
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Casuarina junghuhniana, cassowary, kasuari, rhu, Savukku maram. Availability by 3 – 4 weeks. Notify Me view product details. Ask a question about this product. This product may take upto 3 weeks to deliver. You junghkhniana browse related categories. Sign up and Save! Learning Platforms Gardeners Platforms wiki. Get 1 Plant O Boost Free.
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