BOCCIA SPIELREGELN PDF

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This is achieved by projecting boules closer to the target, called a cochonnet, [1] or by hitting the opponents’ boules away from the target, while standing inside a circle with both feet on spuelregeln ground. The game is normally played on hard dirt or gravel. It can be played in public areas in parks, or in dedicated facilities called boulodromes.

The current form of the game originated in or in La Ciotatin ProvenceFrance. Boules games have a very long historydating back through the Middle Ages to ancient Rome, and before that to ancient Greece and Egypt. In this form of the game players rolled their boules spie,regeln ran three steps before throwing a boule.

In fact, he could barely stand. In order to accommodate his friend Lenoir, Pitiot developed a variant form of the game in which the length of the pitch or field was reduced by roughly half, and a player, instead of running to throw a boule, stood, stationary, in a circle. After that the game spread quickly and soon became the most popular form of boules in France. Before the mids, European boules games were played with solid wooden balls, usually made from boxwood root, a very hard wood.

After World War I, cannonball manufacturing technology was adapted to allow the manufacture of hollow, all-metal boules. Shortly thereafter Jean Blanc invented a process of manufacturing steel boules by stamping two steel blanks into hemispheres and then welding the two hemispheres together to create a boule. With this technological advance, hollow all-metal balls rapidly became the norm.

Today, spidlregeln countries have their own national governing bodies. There are strong national federations in GermanySpainand England.

Petanque is actively played in many nations with histories of French colonial influence, especially in Southeast Asiaincluding LaosThailandVietnamCambodiaand Puducherry, Indiaas well as some parts of Africa. Today, some of the strongest players in the world come from Madagascar and Thailand.

Petanque is not widely played in the Americas. It was founded in in Marseille and has aboutmembers in 52 countries as of [update]. The game makes an appearance in the French crime film Le deuxieme souffle. Men’s championships are held in even-numbered years, while Women’s and Youth championships are held in odd-numbered years.

So far, this attracts players from across the UK and Europe. In the singles and doubles games each player plays with three metal boules. In triples each player uses only two. A game can be played in an open area like a public park, where the boundaries of the terrain are not marked, or more formally on a “marked terrain” where the terrain boundaries are marked traditionally, by strings tightly strung between nails driven into the ground.

Traditionally, the circle was simply scratched in the dirt. Starting aroundred plastic “prefabricated” circles were introduced and are now widely used in formal games. An end consists of the throwing out of the jack the little wooden target ballfollowed by the two teams throwing their boules.

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After both teams have thrown all of their boules, the team with the boule closest to the jack wins the end. The winning team scores one point for each of its boules that is closer than the opposing team’s closest boule. That means that the winning team could in theory score as many as six points in an end, although a score of one or two points is more typical. As the game progresses, each team accumulates points until one of the teams reaches 13, the winning number of points.

A game begins with a coin toss to determine which team plays first. A player from the team that threw the jack, throws the first boule. Then a player from the opposing team throws a boule.

Boccia spielregeln pdf

From that point on, the team with the boule that is closest to the jack is said to “have the point”. The team that does not have the point, throws the next boule. That team continues to throw boules until it either gains the point, or runs out of boules. If at any point the closest boules from each team are equidistant from the jack, then the team that threw the last boule throws again. If the boules are still equidistant then the teams play alternately until the tie is broken.

The team that won the end, starts the next end. A player from the winning team places or draws a circle around the jack. An end is complete when both teams have played all of their boules, or when the jack is knocked out of play goes “dead”. If the end finishes in the usual way—with the jack still alive and one team with the closest boule—then the team with the closest boule wins the end and scores one point for each of its boules that is closer to the jack than other team’s closest boule.

If the jack is dead at the finish of the end, then if one and only one team still has boules left to play, that team scores one point for each boule that it still has in hand.

Otherwise neither team scores any points in the end like an inning in baseball in which neither team scores any runs. Leisure boules are boules that do not meet the FIPJP standards for competition boules, but are less expensive than competition boules and completely adequate for “backyard” games.

Unlike competition boules, leisure boules are a “one size fits all” affair — they come in one weight and size. They must be hollow and made of metal usually steel with a diameter between When purchasing competition boules, a purchaser has a choice of a number of characteristics of the boules, including the size, weight, and hardness of the boules, as well as the striations patterned grooves on the surface of the boules.

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The ground may be irregular and interrupted by trees or rocks, and the surface is likely to be uneven, with some areas hard and smooth and other areas rough and stony. When an area is constructed specifically for the purposes of playing petanque, the playing surface is typically loose gravel, decomposed granite, brick grog or crushed sea shell. Sandy beaches are not suitable, although light plastic boules are sometimes used to adapt the game for the beach.

There is no requirement for backboards or sideboards as in boccebut dedicated playing areas are often enclosed in boards or some other structural barrier. A terrain is an area where one or more petanque games are being played.

At any given time a terrain may be hosting one or more pistes.

Pétanque – Wikipedia

For tournaments, a large playing area is subdivided and marked off typically using nails and string into rectangular marked terrains also known as “lanes” cadres or “pistes” so that multiple games may be carried on simultaneously. The best bccia of all is called a carreau. It is a shot that knocks away the opponent’s boule, leaving the slielregeln boule exactly in its place. Players who are skillful enough to shoot effectively are called shooters ; players who usually point are called pointers.

The French terms are tireur and pointeurrespectively.

As a matter of strategy, pointers play first and shooters are held in reserve in case the opponents place well. Good pointing is what scores points, apielregeln national and international championships are usually dominated by skillful shooters, who target any opposing boule that comes close to scoring. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.

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February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved 6 September Archived from the original on Inhowever, synthetic jacks were effectively outlawed because of their weight.

For a review of the evolution of the rules governing the jack, see https: Sport Governing bodies Sportspeople National sport. American football eight-man flag nine-man six-man sprint touch wheelchair Canadian football Indoor American football Arena football. Beach Rugby league masters mod nines sevens spielreyeln wheelchair Rugby union American flag mini sevens snow tag touch tens Touch Wheelchair.

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