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Groups of rural development for Jaén province

One of the most complex defense systems in al-Andalus was located in the astonishing fortress of La Mota. This fortress is supported by a watchtower network spread all around the area. La Mota fortress was also an exemplary Muslim town with Alcazaba, residential area, a market and an open area. The primary defense elements zanchez be found here in this primarily military area.

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The area is part of a parade ground where one can find la torre Mocha, la torre de la Vela Watch Tower and the keep in its corners. The keep is the military enclosure bastion.


It is 20m high, prismatic in shape and consists of just one floor with battlements. On the ground floor there is a cistern.

The entrance is through a vaulted passage where bricks alternate with masonry and ashlar. The Alcazada was accessed by La Imagen tower-gate. There is a domed arched entrance and an ogive arch that is astonishing due to its dimensions.

On the south eastern side of the military fortress we can find a beautiful building, la Iglesia Mayor Abacial, where different architectural styles can be found, comprising of: After the Christian conquest, at the beginning of the 13th century, the valuable fortress of La Mota fell once again into Muslim hands.

It was not until that Alfonso XI forced the capitulation of the city through his conquest. Sancuez political and military importance increased during the final period of the Reconquest, in the second half of the 15th century, particularly during the 12 years in which the Catholic Kings waged war to conquer Granada.

Alcazaba | Planeta de Libros | Foreign Rights

Key, guardian and defender of the Kings of Castile. During the 18th century began the decline of the town of La Mota. Convents, churches and commercial areas were also built which led to an exodus of the population from the old medieval enclosure.


Inthe King seized the Arrabal Viejo Old Suburb but the upper Alcazaba enclosure resisted despite the siege and hunger of its inhabitants. The shepherd showed the knight the well that supplied the fortress and the Knight poisoned the water in the well. Once the water was poisoned, there was no other option for the fortress soldiers than to surrender the enclosure to Alfonso XI.

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InNapoleonic troops burnt down the area and completely destroyed the place. Legends La Mota fortress well is linked to an old legend about the conquest of the town by Alfonso XI.